Brain Injury Auto Accidents In The Aiken Area

Auto Accidents Can End in Brain Injury

A brain injury can be catastrophic since it affects people emotionally, physically and mentally. Although eight out of 10 brain injury victims recover, the remaining 20 percent do not. Even for those who do eventually improve, the path to recovery is arduous and slow. Treatment is expensive and time-consuming, utilizing many different modalities. In the end, a brain injury can interfere with both work and the ability to function socially.

Morris Law - Dealing With the Legalities of Brain Injury

Our firm offers compassionate and comprehensive advice to those who have suffered a brain injury due to a negligent party in an auto accident. Brain injury can cause significant financial loss and make it harder to be employed. Morris Law works hard to ensure that you obtain the compensation you deserve. Give us a call at (803) 470-4444 in the Aiken area, and we will schedule a free case review. If you are unable to come to the office, we can review your case virtually or on the phone. Let us help you obtain the compensation you deserve.

doctor-xrays-brain-damage

Brain Injury

A brain injury is most frequently caused by a blow to the head. The impact can result in a skull fracture or cause a traumatic brain injury. Normally, the skull cradles the brain, protecting it. When an impact initiates movement of the brain inside the sharply shaped interior of the skull, the brain can become bruised and swollen with internal or external bleeding.

Initially, the symptoms may be minor and consist of headache, nausea or a brief loss of consciousness. As time goes by, the tissues continue to swell and put pressure on the brain, causing life-threatening issues.

Categories of Brain Injury

A brain injury is most frequently caused by a blow to the head. The impact can result in a skull fracture or cause a traumatic brain injury. Normally, the skull cradles the brain, protecting it. When an impact initiates movement of the brain inside the sharply shaped interior of the skull, the brain can become bruised and swollen with internal or external bleeding.

Initially, the symptoms may be minor and consist of headache, nausea or a brief loss of consciousness. As time goes by, the tissues continue to swell and put pressure on the brain, causing life-threatening issues.

Categories of Brain Injury

Brain injuries can be categorized according to their seriousness, as shown below:

  • Mild severity: This mild form of brain injury can result in momentary loss of consciousness with recovery. The victim may be disoriented, have memory loss or be confused.
  • Moderate severity: Here, the person may appear lethargic or sleepy. They may experience a period of unconsciousness lasting 20 minutes to six hours. However, they are arousable.
  • High severity: In such cases, the person may be unconscious for more than six hours and not be arousable even with direct stimulation.

Brain Injury Types

The following are different types of brain injury:

  • Concussion: This type represents the mildest form of brain injury. It occurs when the brain hits the interior rough surface of the skull after a blow to the head or a swift back and forth motion. The symptoms can range from mild ones that resolve with rest within a month or two to more severe ones that affect memory or cognitive ability for years.
  • Subdural hematoma: There are several membrane layers that surround and protect the brain. The first two from the outside are the dura and arachnoid membranes. When blood vessels are damaged by a brain injury, blood can accumulate between the dura and the arachnoid layers. This is called a subdural hematoma. People on blood thinners or older individuals can experience a larger hematoma. Within days to weeks, they may exhibit headaches, slurred speech and vomiting. When the amount of blood and pressure on the brain is greater, surgical intervention may be needed to relieve the pressure. Smaller bleeds often reabsorb on their own, however, the patient must be closely monitored.
  • Subarachnoid hematoma: In this case, the blood accumulates below the arachnoid layer and puts pressure on the brain. A CT or MRI can identify the hematoma. Surgical intervention to drain it is required.
  • Coup-contrecoup brain injury: The initial blow bruises the brain at the area of impact - this is called a coup injury. However, sometimes the impact is strong enough to injure the brain on the opposite side also. This is called a coup-contrecoup injury. Both areas of the brain are frequently bruised and bleeding. In fact, the injury to the far side of the brain may cause more serious problems. Coup-contrecoup injury is not diffuse but rather is considered focal.
  • Diffuse axonal injury: This is not a focal injury but is considered diffuse with shredded or torn nerve axons. The axons are used to connect one nerve cell to another. When the transmission between brain cells is disrupted, brain function can be damaged. This is one of the most serious injuries to the brain.

Brain Injury Symptoms

The following are common brain injury symptoms:

  • Inability to concentrate
  • Headache
  • Balance problems
  • Disorientation
  • Amnesia
  • Visual difficulties
  • Dizziness
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Depression
  • Memory loss
  • Emotional lability
  • Unusual fatigue
  • Confusion
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Irritability
  • Seizures
  • Various levels of consciousness, usually seen with diffuse injuries

Diagnosis and Incidence of Brain Injury

Each year, more than two million individuals experience a brain injury. Roughly 1.1 million individuals suffer a mild injury, while another 235,000 have a moderate injury and over 50,000 die.

Treatment of Brain Injuries

The following treatments are used:

  • Sedatives and pain meds are used. The patients are carefully monitored to prevent further damage.
  • IV hypertonic saline to draw the fluid from the brain is commonly used to treat brain edema.
  • Seizure meds to prevent damaging seizures are given for at least a week.
  • Infections are prevented by using a strenuous monitoring system. Antibiotics are used to treat the infections before they progress.
  • Surgery is often needed to drain a hematoma before pressure on the brain causes significant damage. Surgery can also help repair severed blood vessels and to remove a blood clot. If a significant amount of pressure builds up and causes life-threatening swelling in the brain, a craniectomy is performed. This involves removing a portion of the skull and freezing it. Once the swelling has disappeared, the bone is replaced. Recovery is slow and requires due diligence in terms of rehabilitative services.

Compensation

For many brain injury patients, recovery can be prolonged. It is necessary to ensure that the cost of medical care is compensated no matter the length of time treatment is needed. Our financial advisors help us in structuring compensation to ensure that the client will not find themselves paying for medical costs out-of-pocket.

Often, the insurance company will offer a quick resolution that is far less than the amount needed to cover the extent of medical costs. The attorneys at Morris Law are attuned to this maneuver and will fight to make sure the at-fault party is held responsible.

Morris Law

The attorneys and staff of Morris Law will be here when you need us. If you or a member of your family suffers a brain injury, call us at (803) 470-4444 to schedule a free case review. If you cannot come to us, we will find a way to come to you. After a brain injury, both the plaintiff and their family must put their energies into healing. Let us take care of the rest.

Call us now for a FREE consultation!